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Magmas and deep fluids

Animators : David Jousselin, Laurie Reisberg

Permanent investigators : Pierre Barbey, Pierre Bouilhol, Camille Cartier, Françoise Chalot-Prat, Etienne Deloule, [Karine Devineau], François Faure, Lydéric France, Gaston Giuliani, Andrey Gurenko, David Jousselin, Béatrice Luais, Raphaël Pik, Laurie Reisberg, Laurent Tissandier, Emilie Thomassot

Invited researchers / visitors : [Antonio Caracausi]

Post-docs / ATER : Céline Baudouin, Michael Broadley, Stepan Chernonozhkin, Célia Dalou, Rémi Delon, Rémi Magott

PhD students : Marine Boulanger, Valentin Casola, Yumi Kitayama, Delphine Klaessens

former PhD students (since 2010) : Julien Amalberti (2015), Rémi Belissont (2016), Aurélia Colin (2010), Julien Feneyrol (2012), Elodie Le Mignot (2014), Sarah Medynski (2013), Gaelle Mollex (2017), Marie Nicolle (2014), Benoit Welsch (2010)


Animation - Seminars


Exchanges between the deep envelopes of our planet and the surface are largely associated with the formation and movement of magma or deep fluids. The movement of these liquid phases is closely related to the internal dynamics of the Earth (plate tectonics, convection, and growth and recycling of the crust), to its differentiation, and to the creation of heterogeneities. The programme "Magma and deep fluids" is intended to contribute to the understanding and quantification of the processes involved in these exchanges, focusing on three points : the processes of magmatic evolution and their kinetics ; the modes of magma transfer between the mantle and crust ; and finally the origin, distribution, and role of deep silicate and non-silicate fluids. The approach is multidisciplinary, closely combining experimental petrology, field observation, and elemental and isotopic geochemical measurements at different scales.


Deep fluids, evolved magmatic fluids, and non-silicate magmas
Magmatic accretion
Kinetics of magmatic processes





These studies are based on the development of innovative isotopic tools that rely on the CRPG analytical facilities (ion probes, noble gas mass spectrometers, TIMS, and next-generation ICP-MS), and on the CRPG experimental petrology lab.




Magmas & deep fluids group working sites (under construction)


20 recent publications

2018

Amalberti, J., P. Burnard, L. Tissandier, and D. Laporte. "The diffusion coefficients of noble gases (He-Ar) in a synthetic basaltic liquid: One-dimensional diffusion experiments." Chemical Geology 480 (2018): 35–43.
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Asafov, E. V., A. V. Sobolev, A. A. Gurenko, N. T. Arndt, V. G. Batanova, M. V. Portnyagin, D. Garbe-Schönberg, and S. P. Krasheninnikov. "Belingwe komatiites (2.7 Ga) originate from a plume with moderate water content, as inferred from inclusions in olivine." Chemical Geology 478 (2018): 39–59.
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Bosia, C., F. Chabaux, E. Pelt, A. Cogez, P. Stille, E. Deloule, and C. France-Lanord. "U-series disequilibria in minerals from Gandak River sediments (Himalaya)." Chemical Geology 477, no. 22-34 (2018).
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Eeken, T., S. Goes, H. A. Pedersen, N. Arndt, and P. Bouilhol. "Seismic evidence for depth-dependent metasomatism in cratons." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 491 (2018): 148–159.
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Fournier, J., E. Régnier, F. Faure, X. Le Goff, H. P. Brau, E. Brackx, and O. Pinet. "Application of the JMAK model for crystal dissolution kinetics in a borosilicate melt." Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 489 (2018): 77–83.
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Giuliani, G., J. Dubessy, D. Ohnenstetter, D. Banks, Y. Branquet, J. Feneyrol, A. E. Fallick, and J. E. Martelat. "The role of evaporites in the formation of gems during metamorphism of carbonate platforms: a review." Mineralium Deposita 53 (2018): 1–20.
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Griffin, W. L., J. X. Huang, E. Thomassot, S. E. M. Gain, V. Toledo, and S. Y. O'Reilly. "Super-reducing conditions in ancient and modern volcanic systems: sources and behaviour of carbon-rich fluids in the lithospheric mantle." Mineralogy and Petrology (2018).
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Gu, X., J. Ingrin, E. Deloule, L. France, and Q. Xia. "Metasomatism in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle beneath the south French Massif Central: Constraints from trace elements, Li and H in peridotite minerals." Chemical Geology 478 (2018): 2–17.
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Gurenko, A. A., E. Belousova, V. S. Kamenetsky, and M. E. Zelenski. "Origin of volatiles emitted by Plinian mafic eruptions of the Chikurachki volcano, Kurile arc, Russia: Trace element, boron and sulphur isotope constraints." Chemical Geology 478 (2018): 131–147.
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Kamenetsky, V. S., M. Zelenski, A. Gurenko, M. Portnyagin, K. Ehrig, M. Kamenetsky, T. Churikova, and S. Feig. "Reprint of Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part II. Composition, liquidus assemblage and fractionation of the silicate melt☆." Chemical Geology 478 (2018): 112–130.
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Mollex, G., E. Füri, P. Burnard, L. Zimmermann, G. Chazot, E. O. Kazimoto, B. Marty, and L. France. "Tracing helium isotope compositions from mantle source to fumaroles at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, Tanzania." Chemical Geology 480 (2018): 66–74.
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Pham Van Long., G. Giuliani, A. E. Fallick, A. Boyce, and V. Pardieu. "Trace elements and oxygen isotopes of gem spinels in marble from the Luc Yen – An Phu areas, Yen Bai province, North Vietnam." Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences 40, no. 2 (2018): 166–179.
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Zelenski, M., V. S. Kamenetsky, J. A. Mavrogenes, A. A. Gurenko, and L. V. Danyushevsky. "Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts." Chemical Geology 478 (2018): 102–111.
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2017

Belley, P. M., T. J. Dzikowski, A. Fagan, J. Cempirek, L. Groat, J. K. Mortensen, M. Fayek, G. Giuliani, A. E. Fallick, and P. Gertzbein. "Origin of scapolite-hosted saphire (corundum) near Kimmirut, Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada." The Canadian Mineralogist 55 (2017): 669–699.
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D'Eyrames, E., E. Thomassot, Y. Kitayama, A. Golovin, A. Korsakov, and D. Ionov. "A mantle origin for sulfates in the unusual “salty” Udachnaya-East kimberlite from sulfur abundances, speciation and their relationship with groundmass carbonates." Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France (2017).
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El Korh, A., B. Luais, M. C. Boiron, E. Deloule, and D. Cividini. "Investigation of Ge and Ga exchange behaviour and Ge isotopic fractionation during subduction zone metamorphism." Chemical Geology 449 (2017): 165–181.
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El Korh, A., B. Luais, E. Deloule, and D. Cividini. "Iron isotope fractionation in subduction‑related high‑pressure metabasites (Ile de Groix, France)." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 172 (2017): 41.
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Erdmann, M., L. France, L. A. Fischer, E. Deloule, and J. Koepke. "Trace elements in anatectic products at the roof of mid-ocean ridge magma chambers: An experimental study." Chemical Geology 456 (2017): 43–57.
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Fabrega, C., D. Parcerisa, J. M. Rossell, A. Gurenko, and C. Franke. "Predicting instrumental mass fractionation (IMF) of stable isotope SIMS analyses by response surface methodology (RSM)." Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry (2017).
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Feynerol, J., G. Giuliani, D. Ohnenstetter, A. E. Fallick, J. Dubessy, J. E. Martelat, A. F. M. Rakotondrazafy, E. Omito, D. Ichang'I, C. Nyamai et al. "Age and origin of the tsavorite and tanzanite mineralizing fluids in the Neoproterozoic Mozambique Metamorphic Belt." The Canadian Mineralogist 55 (2017): 763–786.
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Fournier, J., E. Régnier, F. Faure, X. Le Goff, H. P. Brau, E. Brackx, and O. Pinet. "Modeling of dissolution kinetics of rare earth crystals in a borosilicate glass melt." Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids-Crystalline Solids 481 (2017): 248–253.
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Giuliani, G., J. Dubessy, D. Ohnenstetter, D. Banks, Y. Branquet, J. Feneyrol, A. E. Fallick, and J. E. Martelat. "The role of evaporites in the formation of gems during metamorphism of carbonate platforms: a review." Mineralium Deposita (2017).
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Giuliani, G., A. E. Fallick, A. Boyce, V. Pardieu, and Pham V.L. "Pink and red spinels in marble : Trace elements, oxygen isotopes, and sources." The Canadian Mineralogist 55 (2017): 743–761.
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Giuliani, G., I. Pignatelli, A. Fallick, A. Boyce, A. Andriamamonjy, S. Razafindratsimba, and T. Khan. "Gem andradite garnet deposits demantoid variety." Incolor, no. 36 (2017).
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Golowin, R., M. Portnyagin, K. Hoernle, F. Hauff, A. Gurenko, D. Garbe-Schönberg, R. Werner, and S. Turner. "Boninite-like intraplate magmas from Manihiki Plateau require ultra-depleted and enriched source components." Nature Communications (2017).
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Kamensky, V. S., M. Zelenski, A. Gurenko, M. Portnyagin, K. Ehrig, M. Kamenetsky, T. Churikova, and S. Feig. "Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part II. Composition, liquidus assemblage and fractionation of the silicate melt." Chemical Geology 471 (2017): 92–110.
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Kitayama, Y., E. Thomassot, A. Galy, A. Golovin, A. Korsakov, E. D'Eyrames, N. Assayag, N. Bouden, and D. Ionov. "Co-magmatic sulfides and sulfates in the Udachnaya-East pipe (Siberia): A record of the redox state and isotopic composition of sulfur in kimberlites and their mantle sources." Chemical Geology 455 (2017): 315–330.
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Lake, D. J., L. A. Groat, H. Falck, T. Mulja, J. Cempirek, D. Kontak, D. Marshall, G. Giuliani, and M. Fayek. "Genesis of emerald-bearing quartz veins assocated with the Lened w-skarn mineralization, Northwest territories, Canada." The Canadian Mineralogist 55 (2017): 561–593.
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Le Mignot, E., L. Reisberg, A. S. André-Mayer, Y. Bourassa, A. Fontaine, and J. Miller. "Re-Os Geochronological Evidence for Multiple Paleoproterozoic Gold Events at the Scale of the West African Craton." Economic Geology Geology 112 (2017): 145–168.
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Le Mignot, E., L. Siebenaller, D. Béziat, A. S. André-Mayer, L. Reisberg, S. Salvi, G. Vélasquez, C. Zimmermann, A. Naré, and G. Franceschi. "The Paleoproterozoic Copper-Gold Deposits of the Gaoua District, Burkina Faso: Superposition of Orogenic Gold on a Porphyry Copper Occurrence?" Economic Geology, 100th Anniversary Volume 112 (2017): 99–122.
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