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Magmas and deep fluids

Animators : David Jousselin, Laurie Reisberg

Permanent investigators : Pierre Barbey, Pierre Bouilhol, Camille Cartier, Françoise Chalot-Prat, Etienne Deloule, Karine Devineau, François Faure, Lydéric France, Gaston Giuliani, Andrey Gurenko, David Jousselin, Béatrice Luais, Jean-Marc Montel, Raphaël Pik, Laurie Reisberg, Laurent Tissandier, Emilie Thomassot

Invited researchers / visitors :

Postdoc fellows : Céline Baudouin, Michael Broadley, Stepan Chernonozhkin, Célia Dalou, Carlotta Ferrando, Rémi Magott

PhD students : Marine Boulanger, Valentin Casola, Yumi Kitayama, Delphine Klaessens, Sarah Lang

former PhD students (since 2012) : Julien Amalberti (2015), Rémi Belissont (2016), Rémi Delon (2017), Martin Erdmann (2017), Julien Feneyrol (2012), Xiaoyan Gu (2016), Elodie Le Mignot (2014), Sarah Medynski (2013), Gaelle Mollex (2017), Marie Nicolle (2014)

Master students (2018) : Samantha Azevedo, Melvyn Billon, Florian Brouillet, Julien Jacquet, Alison Schmitt, Aurore Toussaint, Coralie Vesin


Exchanges between the deep envelopes of our planet and the surface are largely associated with the formation and movement of magma or deep fluids. The movement of these liquid phases is closely related to the internal dynamics of the Earth (plate tectonics, convection, and growth and recycling of the crust), to its differentiation, and to the creation of heterogeneities. The programme "Magma and deep fluids" is intended to contribute to the understanding and quantification of the processes involved in these exchanges, focusing on three points : the processes of magmatic evolution and their kinetics ; the modes of magma transfer between the mantle and crust ; and finally the origin, distribution, and role of deep silicate and non-silicate fluids. The approach is multidisciplinary, closely combining experimental petrology, field observation, and elemental and isotopic geochemical measurements at different scales.


Deep fluids, evolved magmatic fluids, and non-silicate magmas
Magmatic accretion
Kinetics of magmatic processes





These studies are based on the development of innovative isotopic tools that rely on the CRPG analytical facilities (ion probes, noble gas mass spectrometers, TIMS, and next-generation ICP-MS), and on the CRPG experimental petrology lab.




Magmas & deep fluids group working sites (under construction)


20 recent publications

2021

Azevedo-Vannson, S., L. France, and G. Chazot J. Ingrin. "Mantle metasomatic influence on water contents in continental lithosphere : New constraints from garnet pyroxenite xenoliths (France & Cameroon volcanic provinces)." Chemical Geology 575 (2021): 120257.
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Bernadou, F., F. Gaillard, E. Füri, Y. Marrocchi, and A. Slodczyk. "Nitrogen solubility in basaltic silicate melt – Implications for degassing processes." Chemical Geology 573 (2021): 120192.
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Borisova, A. Y., N. R. Zagrtdenov, M. J. Toplis, W. A. Bohrson, Nédélec$, O. G. Safonov, G. S. Pokrovski, G. Ceuleneer, I. N. Bindeman, O. E. Melnik et al. "Hydrated peridotite – basaltic melt interaction Part I : Planetary felsic crust formation at shallow depth." Frontiers in Earth Science 9 (2021): 640464.
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Boulliung, J., C. Dalou, L. Tissandier, E. Füri, and Y. Marrocchi. "Nitrogen diffusion in silicate melts under reducing conditions." American Mineralogist 106 (2021): 662–666.
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Chen, C. H., F. Mentink-Vigier, J. Trébosc, I. Goldberga, P. Gaveau, E. Thomassot, and et al. "Labeling and probing the silica surface using mechanochemistry and 17O NMR spectroscopy." Chemistry A European Journal (2021).
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Couzinié, S., P. Bouilhol, O. Laurent, L. Marko, and J. F. Moyen. "When zircon drowns: Elusive geochronological record of water-fluxed orthogneiss melting in the Velay dome (Massif Central, France)." Lithos 384-385 (2021): 106938.
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Debret, B., C. J. Garrido, J. Pons, P. Bouilhol, E. Inglis, V. Lopez Sanchez-Vizcaino, and H. Williams. "Iron and zinc stable isotope evidence for open-system high-pressure dehydration of antigorite serpentinite in subduction zones." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 296 (2021): 210–225.
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Ferrando, C., L. France, V. Basch, A. Sanfilippo, R. Tribuzio, and M. Boulanger. "Grain size variations record segregation of residual melts in slow-spreading oceanic crust (Atlantis Bank, 57°E Southwest Indian Ridge)." JGR Solid Earth 106, no. 4 (2021): e2020JB020997.
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France, L., M. Lombard, C. Nicollet, C. Berthod, B. Debret, and J. Koepke. "Quantifying the axial magma lens dynamics at the roof of oceanic magma reservoirs (Dike/Gabbro transition) : Oman drilling project GT3 site survey." JGR Solid Earth 126, no. 5 (2021): e2020JB021496.
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Gaillard, F., M. A. Bouhifd, E. Füri, V. Malavergne, Y. Marrocchi, L. Noack, G. Ortenzi, M. Roskosz, and S. Vulpius. "The diverse planetary ingassing/outgassing paths produced over billions of years of magmatic activity." Space Science Reviews 217, no. 22 (2021).
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Gress, M. U., J. M. Koornneef, E. Thomassot, I. L. Chinn, K. van Zuilen, and G. R. Davies. "Sm-Nd isochron ages coupled with C-N isotope data of eclogitic diamonds from Jwaneng, Botswana." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 293 (2021): 1–17.
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Gress, M. U., D. G. Pearson, I. L. Chinn, E. Thomassot, and G. R. Davies. "Mesozoic to Paleoproterozoic diamond growth beneath Botswana recorded by Re-Os ages from individual eclogitic and websteritic inclusions." Lithos 388-389 (2021): 106058.
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Gurenko, A. A. "Origin of sulphur in relation to silicate-sulphide immiscibility in Tolbachik primitive arc magma (Kamchatka, Russia): Insights from sulphur and boron isoto." Chemical Geology 576 (2021): 120244.
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Kokh, M. A., B. Luais, L. Truche, M. C. Boiron, C. Peiffert, and A. Schumacher. "Quantitative measurement of rare earth elements in brines: Isolation from the charged matrix versus direct LA-ICP-MS measurements – A comparative study." Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research (2021).
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Martel, C., M. Pichavant, I. Di Carlo, R. Champallier, G. Wille, J. M. Castro, K. Devineau, V. O. Davydova, and A. R. L. Kushnir. "Experimental constraints on the crystallization of silica phases in silicic magmas." Journal of Petrology (2021): 1–18.
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Reisberg, L. "Osmium isotope constraints on formation and refertilization of the non-cratonic continental mantle lithosphere." Chemical Geology 574 (2021): 120245.
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Rose-Koga, E. F., A. S. Bouvier, G. A. Gaetani, P. J. Wallace, C. M. Allison, J. A. Andrys, A. Angeles de la Torre, A. Barth, R. J. Bodnar, A. J. J. Bracco Gartner et al. "Silicate melt inclusions in the new millennium: A review of recommended practices for preparation, analysis, and data presentation." Chemical Geology 570 (2021): 120145.
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Vezinet, A., D. G. Pearson, and E. Thomassot. "Effects of contamination on whole-rock isochrons in ancient rocks: A numerical modelling approach." Lithos 386-387 (2021): 106040.
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Zhu, C., H. Wen, Y. Zhang, Z. Huang, C. Cloquet, B. Luais, and T. Yang. "Cadmium isotopic constraints on metal sources in the Huize Zn–Pb deposit, SW China." Geoscience Frontiers 12 (2021): 101241.
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2020

Ayalew, D., R. Pik, S. Gibson, G. Yirgu, S. Ali, and D. Assefa. "Pedogenic origin of Mezezo opal hosted in Ethiopian Miocene rhyolites." The Canadian Mineralogist 58 (2020): 231–246.
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Balcone-Boissard, H., D. R. Baker, B. Villemant, J. Cauzid, G. Boudon, and E. Deloule. "Br diffusion in phonolitic melts : Comparison with fluorine and chlorine diffusion." American Mineralogist 105 (2020): 1639–1646.
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Barré, G., P. Strzerzynski, R. Michels, S. Guillot, P. Cartigny, E. Thomassot, C. Lorgeoux, N. Assayag, and L. Truche. "Tectono-metamorphic evolution of an evaporitic décollement as recorded by mineral and fluid geochemistry : The “Nappe des Gypses” (Western Alps) case study." Lithos 358-359 (2020): 105419.
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Basch, V., G. Borghini, P. Fumagalli, E. Rampone, C. Ferrando, and A. Gandolfo. "Plagioclase-facies thermobarometric evolution of the External Liguride pyroxenite-bearing mantle (Suvero, Italy)." Ofioliti 45, no. 1 (2020): 1–11.
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Baudouin, C., and F. Parat. "Phlogopite-olivine nephelinites erupted during early stage rifting, North Tanzanian divergence." Frontiers in Earth Science 8 (2020): 277.
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Baudouin, C., L. France, M. Boulanger, C. Dalou, and J. L. Devidal. "Trace element partitioning between clinopyroxene and alkaline magmas: parametrization and role of M1 site on HREE enrichment in clinopyroxenes." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 175 (2020): 42.
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Bekaert, D. V., M. W. Broadley, F. Delarue, Z. Druzhinina, G. Paris, F. Robert, K. Sugitani, and B. Marty. "Xenon isotopes in Archean and Proterozoic insoluble organic matter: A robust indicator of syngenecity?" Precambrian Research 336 (2020): 105505.
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Blahut, J., I. Mitrovic-Woodell, I. Baron, M. René, M. Rowberry, P. H. Blard, J. F. Balek Hartvich, and S. Meletlidis. "Volcanic edifice slip events recorded on the fault plane of the San Andrés Landslide, El Hierro, Canary Islands." Tectonophysics 776 (2020): 228317.
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Bouhifd, M. A., A. P. Jephcoat, D. Porcelli, S. P. Kelley, and B. Marty. "Potential of Earth’s core as a reservoir for noble gases : Case for helium and neon." Geochemical Perspectives Letters 15 (2020): 15–18.
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Boulanger, M., L. France, J. R. Deans, C. Ferrando, and A. von der Handt C. J. Lissenberg. "Magma reservoir formation and evolution at a slow-spreading center (Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge)." Frontiers in Earth Science (2020).
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Bruguier, O., R. Caby, D. Bosch, K. Ouzegane, E. Deloule, B. Dhuime, A. Bendaoud, and J. R. Kienast. "A case study of in situ analyses (major and trace elements, U-Pb geochronology and Hf-O isotopes) of a zircon megacryst : Implication for the evolution of the Egéré terrane (Central Hoggar, Tuareg Shield, Algeria)." Precambrian Research 351 (2020): 105966.
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