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Tracking past mining activity using trace metals, lead isotopes and compositional data analysis of a sediment core from Longemer Lake, Vosges Mountains, France

Mariet, A.L. ; Monna, F. ; Gimbert, F. ; Bégeot, C. ; Cloquet, C. ; Belle, S. ; Millet, L. ; Rius, D. ; Walter-Simonnet, A.V., J. Paleolimnol.

Tracking past mining activity using trace metals, lead isotopes and compositional data analysis of a sediment core from Longemer Lake, Vosges Mountains, France

Mariet, A.L. ; Monna, F. ; Gimbert, F. ; Bégeot, C. ; Cloquet, C. ; Belle, S. ; Millet, L. ; Rius, D. ; Walter-Simonnet, A.V.

Journal of Paleolimnology, 2018, 1-14

Abstract :

A 157-cm-long sediment core from Longemer Lake in the Vosges Mountains of France spans the past two millennia and was analyzed for trace metal content and lead isotope composition. Trace metal accumulation rates highlight three main input phases : Roman Times (cal. 100 BC–AD 400), the Middle Ages (cal. AD 1000–1500), and the twentieth century. Atmospheric contamination displays a pattern that is similar to that seen in peat bogs from the region, at least until the eighteenth century. Thereafter, the lake sediment record is more precise than peat records. Some regional mining activity, such as that in archaeologically identified eighteenth-century mining districts, was detected from the lead isotope composition of sediment samples. Compositional data analysis, using six trace metals (silver, arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead and zinc), enabled us to distinguish between background conditions, periods of mining, and of other anthropogenic trace metal emissions, such as the recent use of leaded gasoline.

Voir en ligne : https://doi.org/10.1007/s10933-018-...




publié mardi 29 mai 2018