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High-temporal resolution landscape changes related to anthropogenic activities over the past millennium in the Vosges Mountains (France)

Mariet, A.L. ; Walter-Simonnet, A.V. ; Gimbert, F. ; Cloquet, C. ; Bégeot, C., Ambio

High-temporal resolution landscape changes related to anthropogenic activities over the past millennium in the Vosges Mountains (France)

Mariet, A.L. ; Walter-Simonnet, A.V. ; Gimbert, F. ; Cloquet, C. ; Bégeot, C

Ambio, 2018

Abstract :

Iron mining activities in the Bruche valley (Vosges Mountains, France) date historically from the Roman period to the mid-nineteenth century. The geochemical and palynological study of a core from the peat bog of Le Champ du Feu allows highlighting impacts of these activities over the past millennium. Trace metal contamination is recorded for lead (Pb), arsenic, zinc, and antimony during the Middle Ages, the sixteenth century, and from cal. AD 1750–1900, with several sources distinguished by Pb isotope analyses. Forest exploitation is attested by the palynological analysis of the core, with exploitation of Fagus for smelting processes and cutting of Abies for agro-pastoralism. This approach highlights several patterns of contamination, corresponding to the mixing sources and the contamination intensity, which can be linked to the pollen assemblage zones. Hence, anthropogenic activities such as mining and farming led to long-term modification of the landscape composition in this mountainous area.

Voir en ligne : https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-018-...




publié mercredi 2 mai 2018